Core and cavity for plastic injection molding
In a typical injection molding machine, one half of the mold (the A-side) is attached to the fixed side of the press, and the other half of the mold (the B-side) is attached to the moving clamp side of the press. The clamp (or B) side contains the ejection actuator, which controls the ejector pins. The clamp forces the A and B-sides together, molten plastic is injected into the mold and allowed to cool, the clamp pulls the B-side of the mold away, the ejection pins are actuated, and the part releases from the mold.
Let's use a mold for a plastic drinking glass as an example. To ensure that the part stays in the mold half with the ejector system, we would design the mold so that the outside of the glass is formed in the cavity of the mold (A-side) and the inside would be formed by the core of the mold (B-Side). As the plastic cools, the part would shrink away from the A-side of the mold and shrink onto the core in the B-side. As the mold opens, the glass will release from the A-Side, and stay in the B-side, where it can be pushed off from the core by the ejector system.
If the mold design were reversed, the outside of the glass would shrink away from the cavity in the B-side and onto the core in the A-Side. The glass would release from the B-side and stick to the A-side where there are no ejector pins. At this point, we have a serious problem.
At Ideal Group , our design staff uses software tools and extensive experience to make the correct A-side vs. B-side choice. On some parts, it is difficult to predict in advance which side of the mold the part will stick to. Well thought-out part design ensures that the part will naturally stick to the correct side of the mold.